Gender and Labor Inequities Research

Use the comments section below to add more research, articles, and op-eds on labor inequities for caregivers. See also these caregiver campaigns at other colleges and universities.

Stanford Office of Faculty Development, Diversity, and Engagement: Gendered COVID-19 Faculty Experiences (resource page)

Addressing Issues of Equity During and After COVID-19: Recommendations for Higher Education Institutions and General Information:(This crowdsourced, shared document compiles articles related to academia, gender and COVID-19 as well as articles related to gender and COVID-19 broadly.)


From Academe, Winter 2021: Equity beyond COVID-19: Revising tenure and promotion standards.

From The New York Times, Feb. 4, 2021: America’s mother’s are in crisis – Is anyone listening to them?

From The Chronicle of Higher Education, Jan. 25, 2021: Covid-19 Has Robbed Faculty Parents of Time for Research. Especially Mothers.

From CNN Business, Dec. 17, 2020: These 5 charts show the pandemic’s devastating effect on working women

From The Guardian, Dec. 15, 2020: Covid-19 has shown us that good health is not just down to biology

From CNN, Nov. 18, 2020: The US social safety net has been ripped to shreds — and women are paying the price

From The New York Times, Nov. 12, 2020: The Year in Pandemic Parenting

From The Washington Post, Nov. 6, 2020: Virtual schooling has largely forced moms, not dads, to quit work. It will hurt the economy for years.

From The Washington Post, Nov. 5, 2020: The pandemic is amplifying tensions between working moms and colleagues

From The Lily, Nov. 5, 2020: These moms fought for universal preschool in their Oregon county — and won

From The Chronicle of Higher Education, Oct. 30, 2020: The Staff Are Not Okay

From CNN Business, Oct. 8., 2020: A shocking number of women dropped out of the workforce last month

From HuffPost, Oct. 7, 2020: Women Are Not Okay

From The New York Times, Oct. 6, 2020: The Virus Moved Female Faculty to the Brink. Will Universities Help?

Settles, I. H. & Linderman, J. (2020, October 5). Faculty equity and COVID-19: The problem, the evidence, and recommendations. University of Michigan ADVANCE Program.

From The Lily, Oct. 2, 2020: Some U.S. employers are finally offering paid parental leave. Working moms with kids at home say they’re afraid to use it.

From The New York Times, Sept. 29, 2020: Pandemic Imperils Promotions for Women in Academia

From Preprints, Sept. 25, 2020: Rebuilding the Academy: Strategies for Supporting Academic Mothers during the COVID-19 Global Pandemic and Beyond

From The Washington Post, Sept. 25, 2020: Caregivers of elderly loved ones face heavy emotional, physical, financial toll

From The Washington Post, Sept. 25, 2020: New York City is reopening its schools for working families. But many students of color are staying home.

From The New York Times, Sept. 22, 2020: How Burnout Became the Norm for American Parents

From CNN Business, Sept. 19, 2020: Who is this economy hurting the most? Moms and women of color, according to women’s research CEO

From The New York Times, Sept. 9 2020: The Pandemic is a Mental Health Crisis for Parents

Frim Inside Higher Ed, Sept. 2, 2020: Measures to Support Faculty During COVID-19

From The Guardian, Sept. 2, 2020: ‘Every woman’s been there’: California lawmaker who held newborn while voting calls for change

From The Guardian, Aug. 30, 2020: Why coronavirus is worse for the mental health of mothers

From Inside Higher Ed, Sept. 14, 2020: Burning Out

From The Washington Post, Sept. 5, 2020: ‘Mom, help help help help!’: Jessica Santos-Rojo, on working, teaching and parenting at home in the coronavirus crisis

From The Lily, Sept. 4, 2020: Dads are less likely than moms and people without kids to be laid off during the pandemic, new research shows

From The New York Times, Aug. 6, 2020: Real Life Horror Stories From the World of Pandemic Motherhood. “I have been given two options: either resign or get fired.”

From Politico, July 23, 2020: How the Child Care Crisis Will Distort the Economy for a Generation

From the Eugene Register-Guard, July 21, 2020: The Many Shapes of Caregiving

From FiveThirtyEight, July 16, 2020: Why it took so long for politicians to treat the child care crisis as a crisis

From the peer-reviewed journal Gender, Work & Organization, July 2, 2020: COVID‐19 and the Gender Gap in Work Hours

From The New York Times, July 15, 2020: “They go to mommy first”: How the pandemic is disproportionately disrupting mothers’ careers

From CSWS, July 13, 2020: Survey of UO community reveals caregiver concerns

From The Washington Post, July 9, 2020: The pandemic didn’t create working moms’ struggle. But it made it impossible to ignore

From The Globe Post, July 8, 2020: Silence and Gendered Violence in the COVID-19 Pandemic, by Lynn Stephen

From The San Diego Union-Tribune, July 8, 2020: Lawsuit: Mom Working at Home Fired Because Boss was Upset About Kids Interfering With Work

From The New York Times, July 3, 2020: Colleges Face Rising Revolt by Professors

From Semana, a highly reputable weekly news publication in Colombia: ¿Deben los niños volver al jardín?

From The New York Times, July 2, 2020: The Pandemic’s Setbacks for Working Moms

From The New York Times, July 2, 2020: In the Covid-19 Economy, You Can Have a Kid or a Job. You Can’t Have Both.

From NPR’s Fresh Air, May 21, 2020: Pandemic Makes Evident ‘Grotesque’ Gender Inequality In Household Work

From The Conversation, May 18, 2020: Women are getting less research done than men during this coronavirus pandemic

From Women in Higher Education, April 30, 2020: Women’s Emotional Labor in Higher Ed and the COVID‐19 Crisis

From American Economic Review, September 2018: Equal but Inequitable: Who Benefits from Gender-Neutral Tenure Clock Stopping Policies?


COVID 19 Parents Impact-USA_AZ: This survey is for a transnational study that aims to assess how parents/caregivers are building capacity to engage with children’s learning during this period of social distancing arising from the global Covid-19 pandemic. This study is by a group of researchers from different institutions and countries, including the United States, the United Kingdom, Belgium, Japan, India, Turkey, Italy, Cameroon, China, Honduras, Sri Lanka, Ghana, Ethiopia, Tanzania & Zanzibar, Uruguay, Colombia and Mexico.


Classic Research

Joan W. Scott, “Gender: A Useful Category of Historical Analysis.” The American Historical Review, Vol. 91, No. 5 (Dec., 1986), pp. 1053-1075, DOI: 10.2307/1864376.

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